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If you have a family member suffering from high blood pressure, you might wonder, what is hypertension? Hypertension affects people of all ages and is most common among older adults. It happens when the force of the blood against the artery is too high. This can be true even for individuals who feel great or practice healthy living habits.

When the heart pumps blood, and there is high resistance in the blood vessels, it can lead to high blood pressure. This happens when your arteries are too narrow, not allowing the blood to flow freely. Fortunately, once diagnosed with high blood pressure, doctors can assist patients with information and/or medication to manage it

If you have been wondering “what is hypertension,” here is information about its causes and symptoms. Share on X

What is Hypertension?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is the force the blood applies to blood vessels. A blood pressure reading shows two numbers and is given in millimeters of mercury. The top number, medically known as systolic pressure, shows the pressure in your arteries once the heart beats. The second number, known as diastolic pressure, shows the pressure in your arteries between beats. Blood pressure can be caused by smoking and old age. Other risk factors are genetics and stress. Strategies for managing high blood pressure include staying physically active and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. 


There are few signs of high blood pressure, and most people don’t feel any symptoms. Some of the few symptoms are headaches, shortness of breath, and nosebleeding. However, a visit to your doctor is essential should you feel any symptoms or want to have this checked. Failure to control blood pressure can lead to worse health conditions like a heart attack or stroke, and heart failure. Therefore, taking preventive steps to avoid hypertension is critically important. Should it occur, however, a physician can provide you with information and/or medication to assist you in managing your cure.

When to See a Doctor

If the doctor diagnoses you with high blood pressure, they may ask you to visit our clinic more frequently. Alternatively, you can visit the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) website for recommendations on nutrition and physical activity to help in the management of hypertension. Frequent high blood pressure checks are also essential if you are at a high risk of developing hypertension. Ask about the health conditions of the people in your generation and monitor your blood flow. 

PHC Can Help

If you are wondering “what is hypertension,” visit us at PHC. Our health specialist will test your blood pressure to check if it is normal. If you have abnormal readings, our staff will assure that we address your medical needs and answer any questions you may have. 

Contact us to learn more about hypertension and other health issues.